When Diversity Speaks of Herself (short films)




audio and video productions by refugee women and children in Hamm,

September – December 2022

a project by International Women’s Forum (IFF) in cooperation with Refugee Assistance Hamm (FHH) and Forum for the Environment and Just Development (FUgE).



We are delighted to announce that the project’s audio and video productions are now accessible online

@ archive.org

@ youtube



may all women be freed


When diversity speaks of herself

Who are the people who came to find a new or temporary home in Hamm after experiencing flight and migration? How do their children see this city when they come to Hamm from Afghanistan, Syria, Kurdistan, Bulgaria, Iraq or Ukraine?

What could be seen and heard if social diversity in Hamm could speak of herself?

For everyone involved in the project VOICES FROM HAMM, it was a priority that those who have experienced flight and migration would find ways of self-empowerment to have their say as media producers.

In smartphone videos and drawings, the children expressed their view of their current home, the city of Hamm. The video footage was then edited by professional media makers whose personal horizon of experience also includes flight or migration.

For residents of Hamm the images of the children’s video recordings will be part of familiar scenarios: the city parks, the beautiful fantasy worlds of illuminations in an autumn park setting, the glass elephant (a transformed building of a former coal mine) and the cobblestones in the streets of the city.

Yet in the centre of all the films, the familiar imagery of the city, resonate the stories of life, loss and struggle that the women and mothers recount in their audio interviews.





Yuliia and Nataliya: “We met in Hamm…”

Roksana: “We need dreams…!”

Tina: “I hope for a world without war…”

Meryem and Noora: “I am German…!”

Rohiv and Saida: “We’ve to listen and we’ve to talk…”

Olha: “Understanding how we are all same…”

Reni: “That which makes us human…”

Valentina: “That the field were so very green…”

Atefeh: “When I get up and when you get up…”


Many thanks to all participants for their valuable contributions!


Interview partners

Jenny, Olha, Nataliya & Yuliia, Valentina, Saida & Rohiv, Meryem & Noora, Atefeh, Roksana, Reni, Tina.

Videos & drawings

Aminka, Alina & Maria, Atefeh, Bano, Janna, Marya, Mobin, Matin, Kita 3Kings, Ralf, Ramina, Rohiv, Roman & Roksana, Tuana & Elisa.


Raras Umaratih, Shokoufeh Eftekhar and Sören Meffert (video)

Dorothee Borowski and Claudia Wegener (graphics)

Joseph Mahame (storytelling with sound)

Mahtab Dardarsefatmahboob (creative writing)

Claudia Wegener (audio, project management)

radio continental drift (concept)



Funded by the federal programme “Demokratie leben!” of the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth.

The project completion is also funded within the KOMM-AN funding programme of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia.

“The publication does not represent an expression of opinion by the sponsors. The authors are responsible for statements regarding content.”




The project VOICES FROM HAMM and the exhibition of the nationwide network of media makers with refugee and migration experience “Nothing about us without us” are about making media, finding one’s own voice and making social diversity visible and audible locally. Who reports about whom, what and how? How to produce your own media? What can community radio and media do? How can we become active ourselves in Hamm? These are just some of the questions that will be addressed here. Visitors can also make a contribution to the exhibition. The exhibition is multimedia and interactive.

For a first Audio Teaser you may listen here:


Downloads of the Press Release:





VOICES FROM HAMM : Film screening and project presentation in the context of the opening of the exhibition “Nothing about us without us of the netzwerk medien.vielfalt! (NMV)

Friday 02.12.22, 18:00 – 20:00, Admission is free. Childcare on site.

Saturday 03.12.22, 12:00 – 13:00, Guided tour of the exhibition with Megha Uchil (NMV)

Hamm City Library, Platz der Deutschen Einheit 1, 59065 Hamm

The exhibition is on display in the library’s reading café until 17 December.

We look forward to your joining us on the day !


Since the beginning of September, the International Women’s Forum (IFF), in cooperation with Claudia Wegener/ radio continental drift, has invited women, children and young people with experience of flight and migration to a series of media workshops and media productions as part of the project VOICES FROM HAMM.

The activities will now conclude with the screening of the project films STIMMEN AUS HAMM at the exhibition opening of the netzwerk medien.vielfalt! “Nothing about us without us”. You can find out more about the network and the touring exhibition at medienvielfalt.net.


From September to November, a series of workshops and interviews with women took place in Hamm. In the introductory media workshops, women were invited to try out sound recording and interviews together as a form of expression for themselves. There were workshops for storytelling with sound, for creative writing and discussion rounds for women with refugee and migration experience. Children and young people were also invited to use video and smartphones to visually tell stories about their everyday lives in Hamm.

local paper 29Okt22: WA about "Stimmen aus Hamm" wks3 und 5 mix

Co-producers of VOICES FROM HAMM

include Raras Umaratih, Shokoufeh Eftekhar and Sören Meffert (video), Joseph Mahame (sound), Mahtab Dardarsefatmahboob (creative writing) and Dorothee Borowski (graphics) as well as Megha Uchil and Mahtab from netzwerk medien.vielfalt!

A cooperation project of the International Women’s Forum (IFF), the Refugee Aid Hamm (FHH) and the Forum for Environment and Just Development (FUgE). 


The project is funded by the federal programme “Demokratie leben!” of the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth.

The project completion is also funded within the KOMM-AN funding programme of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia.


Many thanks to the funders and partnering organisations and to all the participants !





“How come others often talk about us?

Can’t we do that better ourselves?!”

A warm invitation and welcome to women, children and youths for a series of media workshops and media productions (audio/ video) with Claudia Wegener, Shokhoufeh Eftekhar, Sören Meffert, Joseph Mahame and Mahtab Dardarsefatmahboob

Free admission. Childcare on site. Contact: theairisfree4u [at] gmail.com or 01521 571 0051.

We look forward to your joining us on the day!

The International Women’s Forum (IFF) in cooperation with Claudia Wegener/ radio continental drift invites women and mothers with children and youths to participate in a series of media workshops as part of the project VOICES FROM HAMM. The project extends a particularly warm welcome to women, children and young people with the experience of flight and migration in Hamm; not least since the focus of workshops will be on questions such as:

“Why do others often talk about us? Can’t we do that better ourselves?”

The series of workshops and interviews with women will take place from September to November. In the introductory media workshops, the women are invited to explore together if and how sound recordings and interviews may offer valuable forms of self expression to them. The children and young people are invited to use video and smartphones to visually tell stories of their everyday lives in Hamm.

The activities will conclude with a screening of the resulting project films VOICES FROM HAMM as part of the exhibition opening of the netzwerk medien.vielfalt! “Nothing about us without us”.

Two further workshops, mainly aiming at children and young people are offered by Joseph Mahame (theatre pedagogue) and will focus on storytelling with sounds, voice and music. A creative writing workshop and a round-table discussion for the women who participated in interviews will take place in October and November.

The media project VOICES FROM HAMM takes place in cooperation with Flüchtlingshilfe Hamm (FHH, Refugee Aid Hamm) and the Forum for Environment and Just Development (FUgE).




VOICES FROM HAMM : open workshops

Workshop 1: Thu 08.09. 15 – 17 hrs FUgE Oststr.13: Media Workshop (audio/ video)

Workshop 2: Tue 20.09. 14 – 16 hrs FHH Hohe Str.33: Storytelling workshop (sound/ music)

Workshop 3: Fri 07.10. 14 – 16 hrs FUgE Oststr.13: Media workshop (audio/ video)

Workshop 4: Sat 15.10. 11 – 13 hrs FHH Hohe Str.33: Storytelling workshop (sound/ music)

Workshop 5: Fri 21.10. 14 – 16 hrs IFF Wilhelmstr.180a: Creative Writing Workshop

Workshop 6: Fri 18.11. 15 – 17 hrs IFF Wilhelmstr.180a: Round-table reflection with interviewees: “Developing Ideas”

Public closing event

Fri 02.12. 18 – 20 hrs, Film screening VOICES FROM HAMM and opening of an exhibition by the netzwerk medien.vielfalt! at the City Library, Platz der Deutschen Einheit 1.



Thanks to the funders and coop-partners.

Funded within the framework of the federal programme “Demokratie leben!” of the Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth.



“HER TONGA HISTORY images of an ongoing radio drama” is a text originally published in German in the book FEMALE POSITIONS in 2022.

The article brings some of the audio images of the listening drama “This is a Radio-Bridge across the Zambezi and across the world…!” into written text and highlights female positions which the audio pictures.

Following is the beginning of the text and download link to the entire English translation of the book article.




In early August 2019, ORF, Austria’s public service broadcaster, airs a 53-minute programme at night on its Kunstradio programme, in which the protagonists speak mostly in ChiTonga, an indigenous language in Zambia and a number of other countries in the region. The radio feature “This is a Radio-Bridge across the Zambezi and across the world…” interweaves audio recordings by the women of Zubo Trust in Binga Zimbabwe and broadcasts by women at community radio Zongwe FM on the Zambian side of Kariba Lake with music and radio shows contributed in solidarity by sound artists from “all over the world”; including Australia, Canada, Israel, Italy, France, England, Germany and Austria.*1

The drama is set in the Zambezi Valley, border region between Zimbabwe and Zambia. The BaTonga have lived here since time immemorial, one people, one language, connected and separated by Mulonga, the Great River of theirs; and, since 1958 divided by the Kariba Reservoir and modern nationhood.

The setting for the radio drama is the “Global Village”. Binga may be on the edge of the current world, but the “Global Information Age” has arrived in the Zambezi Valley too – even though, we may rightly question the grandiose term the fact of the very absence of a place like Binga or a people like the BaTonga in the so-called “Global Information Age”.

The setting of the radio drama is the here-and-now of the audio, of the sounds, the voices, and their stories in a very specific, audible time/space. But media resonances of the voices and stories are also already part of the play. Thus the drama begins “upside down” with the “vision” of a future not yet fully achieved, the self-evident presence of Tonga women in the public sphere of present-day media. On short audio tracks, we have already landed in Binga with both ears for just one attention span, real-time audio; then, in an audio time-lapse of six to seven years, a whirlwind of glo-cal radio and remix resonances builds up, which only subsides after 13′, revealing first the view of audio scenes of the basket weavers in Binga and then scenes of the fisherwomen. With the audio documentation of an exchange of experiences among women and the visit of three delegates from Sinazongwe Zambia across the lake at Zubo Trust in Binga, we finally land quite locally “on air” in the small studio of the community radio Zongwe FM. Via telephone we hear feedback from the community on the women’s travelogues about the collectively or cooperatively organised projects of the Zubo women.

We want to pick out just a few of the drama’s audio images, take a closer look at them and transform some of the dense fabric of their audio tracks into continuous text:

Female Positions?


read/download the full English translation


Further resources in German include a number of radio shows which accompany the publication. The radio shows were broadcast on the Austrian free radio Radio FRO.

The making-off Female Positions (Dec.2021)

Portraits of the Authors


“Where I come from, women have the power!”


An English translation of the original German article in “Graswurzel Revolution” GWR470 https://www.graswurzel.net/gwr/category/ausgaben/470-sommer-2022/



Writing women’s history oneself

The Womenʼs History Museum (WHM) in Zambiaʼs capital Lusaka helps the country rediscover the forgotten half of history: the museum founders snatch the invisible women in Zambian and neighbouring countries’ histories out of oblivion. They publish their biographies on Wikipedia and in the form of attractively designed animated video podcasts, to name just two of their initiatives. Claudia Wegener reports on a successful approach of writing female counter-history and making it accessible to a broad public. (GWR ed.)

The quote in the title comes from an interview with Zambian cultural historian and long-time head of the National Arts Council Zambia, Mulenga Kapwepwe, which we recorded there, in the capital Lusaka in 2012. (1) “Somehow it’s always about the women who don’t have the power,” Mulenga says in the interview, “and the experiences of women from our own African societies fall out of the story… Where I come from, women have the power!” As an author and playwright, Mulenga has used her research to bring to the theatre stage a number of historical women leaders from the region in their own indigenous language.

Writing women’s history together

When I am in Lusaka again in 2018, I am fortunate to witness what has grown from the seeds of a shared realisation of a missing or incomplete history: I get to know the Museum of Women’s History Zambia (2), the museum founders and the founding cooperative of ten women at a meeting at the National Museum in Lusaka. Besides Mulenga Kapwepwe, founding member of the board is the journalist and communication expert Samba Yonga. Further members of the diverse and highly qualified team include an architect, a lawyer, a visual artist and a young blogger.

Today, four years later, there are results for many of the projects that were discussed among the women at the time and that are themselves already making women’s history. The results and outcomes at hand, I’d think, present us with a remarkable example and model that, and how it could be possible to tackle the sheer overwhelming task of changing male-dominated historical narratives in the sense and direction of a more real gender distribution.

How did the women museum founders in Zambia make it happen? What are the steps they have taken? These are questions which shall be explored here.

The familiar question “where are the women?” was also asked by the initiators of the Womenʼs History Museum Zambia. Where are our female ancestors and historical role models? Assuming a 50/50 gender distribution in societies worldwide, it just cannot be real that there were no queens, no women strategists, women diplomats or independence fighters worth mentioning.

Strong women with many rights

To explain her assertion about the powerful women in African societies, Mulenga Kapwepwe quotes in the aforementioned interview from an early 20th century travelogue of a British woman in the region of present-day Zambia.

“Women here,” the historical account reads, “have a right to their own name, to their own land, to their own economic base, they have a right to protection… None of which we women in England have at present!” Mulenga comments, “You know, it seems to me that this is exactly the point that also we ourselves have forgotten; that we women here in the region had struggled already for so many rights for ourselves; and then another political system came and took those rights away from us, and today we are battling again to get back to where we were already!”

“The Zambian Women’s History Museum is returning to Africans what colonialism stole,” this is how the digital magazine okayafrica sums it up in the title of its May 2019 dedicated feature. (3)

“Where are the women?”

The museum itself defines its mission on the website as follows: “The Women’s History Museum of Zambia was set up to document and revive narratives of African history with a specific focus on women.” (4)

The question of the missing women is also raised, among others, by the numerous initiatives that have declared war on the gender bias or “gender gap” on Wikipedia. In the most consulted online reference work, significant women generally have a 1:6 chance of being mentioned with a biographical entry; for significant women from Africa, however, the chance of a Wikipedia biography is 1:300; moreover, biographical entries about women on Wikipedia have a good 40 percent chance of being nominated for deletion – these are just some of the depressing statistics of WikiWomen. (5)

It is this huge global building site of the missing women’s history that the Zambian museum founders tried their hand at right after their official registration as cooperative and board of the new museum. In a three-part workshop, 34 invited Zambian authors were trained by a Wikipedia trainer from South Africa, both in researching and writing the articles and in uploading the texts to the online encyclopaedia. More than 100 biographical articles on notable Zambian women from past and present were created as a result of the Edit-a-thon (6) #HerZambianHistory, which was co-sponsored by Wikipedia, WikiWomen and the Swedish Embassy. (7)

following, a radio insert which draws on three interviews with Zambian women authors who participated in the Edit-a-thon #HerZambianHistory:


“Leading Ladies”: women’s history goes into serial production

A project that has become a highly visible trademark of the Women’s History Museum Zambia is the series of animated video podcasts “Leading Ladies – an African podcast on historical women leaders”, so its complete title. The podcast stories are researched and written by Mulenga Kapwepwe and digitally realised by Samba Yonga and her production team. The episodes tell the life stories of outstanding female leaders in Zambia and neighbouring African countries from the 17th century to the present in clear, fast-paced strokes, in about three to seven minutes. The idea was to use contemporary digital media to create a highly mobile, constantly growing touring exhibition whose individual episodes could easily be integrated into radio or television broadcasts and equally listened to, watched and shared on individual devices such as mobile phones. The “Leading Ladies” began their online presence in the contemporary media world of the 21st century in March 2019; the podcast is now in its fourth thematic season. (8)

Samba says in the interview with okayafrica: “The idea specifically of the first season of ten podcasts was to juxtapose public opinion stereotypes like ‘women stay out of conflicts’ with historically based archetypes of African women’s history, for example historical fighters like Loongo.” The “Leading Ladies” of the first season represent all ten provinces of the country, so the producers’ deliberate selection. The second podcast season focuses on the socio-historical contribution of outstanding women in various professions and fields of endeavour; the third features outstanding historical women leaders in the region, namely from Zambia, Zimbabwe and Malawi. The fourth podcast season, which is currently underway, tells the life stories of African eco-feminists, i.e. fighters for environmental justice and protection of natural resources, whose commitment is based on a specifically African and female perspective on the issues.


With video podcasts against the invisibility of women leaders

With their podcast, the museum founders are of course also aiming at the construction site of teaching and learning, school books and education; an area which is highly significant for any social movement. African women contributed both, in developing their own respective societies as well as today’s. This is the multi-fold story which the museum founders wish to bring into teaching and learning and right in to the “mainstream”. This focus is constituted already in the museum’s mission on the website. In the website’s online resource collection under “News”, there is, among others, a link and mention of an informative report, which presents a quantitative research of pictorial representations of historical figures in Zambian history textbooks for secondary schools, under the title: “Silenced and invisible historical figures in Zambia: An analysis of the visual portrayal of women in Senior Secondary History textbooks”. (9)

It is precisely these silenced and invisible historical female figures that the Women’s History Museum Zambia is reviving or revitalising, especially with the voices, stories and images of the “Leading Ladies” podcasts. It remains exciting to follow, how and with what means and measures the history of this courageous and productive intervention by the Zambian museum founders in the historiography of the country, the continent and the women will be written.

Claudia Wegener

Claudia Wegener is a radio artists and activist involved in local audio radio projects in southern Africa. Under the alias radio continental drift, she publishes sound recordings and radio productions online for free download under a Creative Commons license.

The Women’s Museum is currently invited to join the “MuseumsLab 2022” of the German Academic Exchange Service in Berlin and Cape Town. “The future of cultural memory” is just one among the topics. Fifty five museum directors from Africa and Europe are taking part in the exchange programme.


images “Leading Ladies” with kind permission, thanks to WHM Zambia; further images: radio continental drift

(1) The audio recording mentioned as well as further related interviews with women can be found in the internet archive archive.org in the collection “radio continental drift”: https://archive.org/details/radiocontinentaldrift

(2) https://www.whmzambia.org

(3) okayafrica, May 2019, https://www.okayafrica.com/samba-yonga-womens-history-museum-in-zambia-africa/

(4) https://www.whmzambia.org/about

(5) See, among others, at https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geschlechterverteilung_in_der_Wikipedia; and on “WikiLovesWomen” http://www.wikiloveswomen.org/about-the-project/mind-the-gap/

(6) An edit-a-thon is a meeting for collectively editing or creating Wikipedia articles.

(7) Articles in the English version of Wikipedia under the category “Women in Zambia” or “Zambian Women”; further details on the Wikipedia project also on the blog of radio continental drift at https://radiocontinentaldrift.wordpress.com/2019/03/06/talking-to-writers-of-wikiwomen-zambia/

(8) “Leading Ladies” podcast: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UClqsHIH27kBzuBEssoWt9qg

(9) https://www.whmzambia.org/news/2022/2/7/silenced-and-invisible-historical-figures-in-zambia-an-analysis-of-the-visual-portrayal-of-women-in-senior-secondary-school-history-textbooks-by-edward-mboyonga ; Edward Mboyonga, University of Free State, South Africa; report for download: https://upjournals.up.ac.za/index.php/yesterday_and_today/article/view/3747/3503


Portraits of some “Leading Ladies”

Following are some written summaries. Please view the “Leading Ladies” podcast here: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UClqsHIH27kBzuBEssoWt9qg

Loongo: Fighting for a life in peace and dignity (Season 1, Episode 3)

Loongo was a 19th century leader of the Sala in the Mumbwa region of Zambia’s Central Province. When the Makololo invaded her land from the south, Loongo formed a women’s army to fight the invaders. Although the defence of her country was unsuccessful and Loongo was taken prisoner, the reputation of her extraordinary courage and influence and of the women’s determination remain to this day. The hill from which they fought is still called “the hill of the women”. It was a sign of respect that the Makololo did not demand war duty from the Sala, as was the usual custom. Loongo returned from captivity, succeeded in reorganising the Sala and restoring peace and dignity to the land. To this day, the Sala celebrate a festival dedicated to Loongo’s memory every year in July: “Ikubi Lya Loongo” is the name of this festival.


Christine Munkombwe: Protest against racist ideals of beauty (Season 2, Episode 1)

Christine Munkombwe has gone down in history as a pioneer for an equal treatment free of racism. Born in Ndola in 1956, Christine Munkombwe competed in the 1974 Miss Zambia pageant and won the title. As the Zambian beauty queen, she was automatically a candidate for the Miss World contest in London the same year. When the 18-year-old Miss Zambia arrived in London, she quickly realised that she had been inadequately prepared for the competition. She also saw that the press shied away from contact with her and were only interested in the white contestants. Christine accused the judges of favouring participants with light skin and straight hair. Christine made a public statement accusing the organisers of the Miss World pageant of racial prejudice and of not giving black contestants a fair chance at all. The Zambian organisers then demanded a written apology from Christine to the Miss World organisers, the jury and the press and sent her a bill of over 3,000 kwatcha, the cost of her preparation for the Miss World competition. They withdrew the Miss Zambia trophy from Christine and gave the prize money of 50 kwatcha to the second-placed 16-year-old Mabel Chipascha. But Christine stood by her statement. Instead of an apology, she released a second statement. “I don’t give a damn about this title; they can eat it. And I will still remain myself after all!” Christine Mun- kombwe never retracted her statement.


Be Dyango: Successful campaign for comprehensive rights (Season 1, Episode 10)

Be Dyango was known as “the matriarch of the mystic waterfalls”. In the 1800s, she ruled over the land of the Leya and Toka people in the area of what is now Livingstone and Victoria Falls in Zambia’s Southern Province. When Chief Mukuni invaded her land, she proved to be an extremely smart negotiator. Be Dyango was so skilful in negotiating peace with Chief Mukuni that she persuaded the conqueror even to share rule with her. She succeeded in securing comprehensive rights, cultural sovereignty and political co-decision for the Leya and Toka. She continued to maintain a leadership role in all the important cultural festivals. Be Dyango’s peace agreement is still valid today. And to this day, each Toka-Leya village is led in dual leadership, jointly by a man and a woman.


Namwesi Mwamba: Actions for Zambia’s Independence (Season 2, Episope 7)

Namwezi Mwamba belongs to the generation of freedom fighters in the struggle for Zambia’s independence. Namwezi Mwamba was born in Mbala in Zambia’s Northern Province in 1943 and was the daughter of Chief Mwamba, the leader of the Mambwe. In 1964, the Republic of Zambia became the ninth country to gain independence from the British colonial government. Along the way, there was repeated armed repression by the British against the independence aspirations of the African majority population. One of the leading parties of the time, the United National Independence Party, led by Kenneth Kaunda, developed the Cha-Cha-Cha campaign for civil disobedience and political awareness. The name alludes to a popular dance at the time, the Cha-Cha-Cha, and implies that it was time for the British to dance to the music of the freedom struggle. In 1961, the campaign began. Acts of sabotage were organised and coordinated in every province: strikes, arson attacks, roadblocks, the destruction of government buildings, boycotts and protests. 18-year-old Namwezi Mwamba became the mastermind of the Cha-Cha-Cha uprising in Mbala and Mpulungu. Namwezi formed a group that was infamous as the “Kasakalabwe rioters” in Mpulungu. Her acts of sabotage were so successful that the colonial police thought she was a man. As a male saboteur, she was on the “most wanted” list of criminal offenders. Namwezi took advantage of this lapse in police intelligence and successfully escaped the traps of the police time and again. During an act of sabotage at a government military school, she was betrayed by a party member and shot dead by the colonial police. Namwezi Mwamba did not live to see the independence of Zambia for which she had fought. To honour her memory, a street in Mbala is named after her. Some of her comrades in the struggle for independence who are still alive today tell of Namwezi’s courage and her charisma as a leader.


The author wishes to thank the team at Graswurzel Revolution for the support.

download the English translation of the article

Bulemu Mutale reports on women Jatropha soap producers during the pandemic


Social impacts of the pandemic
for women in rural Zimbabwe

An English translation of a German article published in FUgE News 01/22

Hi. I am Bulemu Mutale; born in Binga, a small town, in northern Zimbabwe. Until January 2019, I lived there with my father and brothers, working in a wholesale shop and, when there was time, helping at the women’s organisation Zubo Trust. This volunteer work brings me 2019 to Germany as participant in a South-North volunteering programme at Welthaus Bielefeld and the first ever participant from Zimbabwe. Today, I can speak German and am training as a nurse.

I have not been back since. I am often homesick, honestly. Of course, we are in contact, with my family and with the Zubo women. It is something close to my heart to tell you now how things have been going for Zubo Trust, even under lockdown conditions. And since our Jatropha soap is sold in Germany, I’d also would like to tell you about the women who produce your soap and how they’ve been coping during the pandemic.

Zubo’s mission is all about economic participation of the rural women and about representing their rights. Very often this is done in self-organised, collective work. “Zubo brings women together for self-empowerment” is the motto of the organisation. In soap production, for example, two teams of six women each take turns; from mixing the oil to packaging, they do everything in teamwork. For this, the women leave their villages and families for three weeks. Yes, it works! Because with Zubo’s mediation, the husbands and the village communities are backing it.

Lockdown makes life difficult for the women. This is actually true for everyone, everywhere in the country. The majority of the population in Zimbabwe lives from informal trade. Curfews mean goods cannot be delivered to customers, no income! and hunger! In the lockdown, only one of the women who lives nearby comes to the soap manufactory and works alone with the production manager. The trade fair in the capital had been postponed for a month anyway because of high infection rates in the cold season. Zubo takes care of the marketing and shipping of the handmade soap.

Fear of the unknown virus is high. Security forces in the streets are another factor. At the beginning of the pandemic, life stood still. No one knew what to do. The terrible perplexity lasts for two to three months until enlightening information reaches Binga. The Zubo office team cannot get together, tries to keep up the work in home office. Everything moves very slowly. When the lockdown is eased, the Zubo team is able to build valuable bridges into the remote communities and, in partnership with the Ministry of Health, helps bring up-to-date information and much-needed basic medical supplies to these communities.

When the soap cannot be shipped to Germany as planned, partners such as Welthaus Bielefeld succeed in redirecting funding so that the soap can now be distributed as donations to Zubo’s home communities, thus supporting hygiene conditions locally.

The loss of income in the lockdown has meant that the women have literally eaten up all their capital since the beginning of the pandemic, including seeds for the next season. There are hardly any reserves left; the population is dependent on food handouts from the government. How can Zubo’s work continue in this situation? – that is the organisation’s biggest concern.

At the beginning of the year, it’s been possible again for soap being delivered to Germany. You can now buy the unscented, natural soap in fair-trade shops like the FUgE Weltladen and in the shop at Welthaus Bielefeld.

Thank you for listening to me. I look forward to you reading our detailed report about the impact of the pandemic on Zubo’s women here (in English translation) or, the original German article in “Graswurzel Revolution”, GWR465

Bulemu Mutale


We would like to call for support for Zubo Trust in the pandemic

We are collecting on the following account of the Baobab Verein in Kassel; keyword: “Zubo”. Donation receipts will be sent for donations of 20 Euro or more. Please indicate your address and email on the transfer form. IBAN: DE67 4306 0967 4103 8566 00; BIC: GENODEM1GLS; GLS Bank; https://www.baobab-ev.org/de-de/


Zubo Trust https://www.zubowomen.org/



Bulemu Mutale – updates from a South-North Volunteer



We are sitting in the still a little too cold grass right at the local river Lippe. Bulemu Mutale came from rural Zambezi Valley, Zimbabwe to Germany with a South-North volunteering programme almost two-and-a-half years back. Surrounded by the voices of spring bird and frog song, we are journeying together with Bulemu through her life experiences in Germany and back home…[listen at aporee radio sound map…)))



We recorded this interview with Bulemu at the end of May 2021. By the time, Bulemu had completed the 18 months of the South-North Volunteer Programme at Welthaus Bielefeld and was well into her training as a nurse. She had lived with two different German guest families, worked regularly in a kita, learnt the German language and spent time in workshops with 15 other volunteers from the global South; and after all, had applied successfully for a place to train as a nurse in Germany.

In the interview, she wisely points out to us that by now, she’s likely to no longer spot certain differences that earlier would have surely raised her attention.

“If you’d have asked me that question a year ago…!!”

In her refections on her life in another language, in another culture and in-between new and old experiences, Bulemu allows us to travel with her back and forth and reflect on common social settings and human interactions in Germany.



This is the second interview we recorded with Bulemu. An earlier interview, we recorded in Binga Zimbabwe, in November 2018, about two months before Bulemu left her community and her country and came to Germany.


Bulemu was chosen to participate in the South-North Volunteering Programme at Welthaus Bielefeld Germany because of her commitment in her home community Binga where she volunteered working with children in an orphanage and with the women empowerment organisation Zubo Trust.



Zubo Trust is a women’s organization working with the rural women of the Zambezi valley in Zimbabwe since 2009. Zubo Trust has accomplished well-recognized work in organizing the rural women, establishing producer collectives, securing women’s lively-hoods, and boosting their independence and self-esteem. One of Zubo’s pioneering initiatives is an all-women fishery project. Further projects include organic agriculture, developing cosmetic products and, the local crafts, especially basket weaving.


Women in-between cultures speak up


The present interviews with migrant and refugees women, mostly conduced in German, were realised in cooperation with FUgE e.V. and as part of the project “Intercultural Hammer Interviews”. Please find the German version of this article here, at FUgE website.

The so-called “migration background” literally has its say in these interviews and tells Her story and about Her experiences in Germany.

We invited four women in Hamm to tell us about their experiences when they, often quite suddenly in the course of their life, found themselves as immigrants in Germany:

What are their experiences in the German society, and locally in Hamm? Do they feel comfortable, accepted, respected? How do they experience access to social support, to the labour market, to social and political participation? What progress or setbacks in this regard can they tell us about? Do they miss something?

The women talk about their history of flight and migration, and about the differences they encounter and encountered between the old and the new home – in this case Hamm. Thus, listeners can consider these differences together with narrators and discover commonalities among cultures and social contexts. Alongside the stories and reflections, the audience also encounters global contexts of inequalities, poverty and exclusion – not least in gender relations, here and there.

With the series of interviews, the women narrators would like to spark some curiosity and encourage fellow citizens to explore the huge diversity of life experiences and knowledge here and now, locally, and in personal conversations with newcomers.

No doubt, we will also encounter social inequality and barriers to participation in our society and look at them now, thanks to the women narrators, from a different perspective. This is to say, here is an opportunity to reduce such inequalities in a targeted way; not least, since listening to the women, we join in the discovery in each of these testimonies: we are probably all at home in more than one culture.

Maryam* from Afghanistan

“Germany is my home country. There are so many opportunities for me here; opportunities for the women …!” this is how Maryam begins her story. The 31-year-old from Afghanistan came to Germany in 2015 with her extended family, 16 people in total; first they got accommodation in Wesel, then in Hamm. Maryam comes from a village near Urozgan in the remote mountainous region between Kabul and Kandahar. In her descriptions, she takes us into rural life in Afghanistan; the dangers and restrictions in the remote mountainous country. Above all, she gives us insights into the lives of women and girls, and describes her own life as a young woman growing up among the extended family on her grandfather’s farm (…) Read more


Felicitas from the Philippines

“I have two mothers…” and, “the women are so strong…” are two quotes from Felicitas’ account that can hint at something of the important role that women have played in her life. The 52-year-old, experienced nurse comes from Laoag City, the capital of the district of Ilocos Norte, in the north of the island nation of the Philippines. At the age of 24, she married, came to Germany and directly to Hamm. Felicitas grows up as the seventh of nine siblings; the next older brother is her constant companion; the two oldest sisters take up the role of mothers, because her mother works most of the day at the local market selling fish. The father goes fishing and prepares food for the family; the rest of the day, he works in the construction industry (…) Read more


Sara from Iran

“In Germany I have many mothers and many fathers,” says Sara in telling her life’s story. The 50-year-old from Iran came to Germany in 2015 with her two sons, aged sixteen and thirteen. First, they stay in a camp in Hamm-Heessen; then, they live in Versmold for a few years; the father joins them; and recently, they come back to live in Hamm. Sara comes from the industrial city of Ahwaz in the south of the country, not far from the Persian Gulf and the border with Iraq. Like the majority of the population in the city, Sara speaks Arabic and Persian (…) Read more


Mary from Kenya

“In our culture, the little ones have to listen to the older ones,” Mary tells us in the interview. The 45-year-old woman from Kenya is very attentive to cultural expressions and their differences. And so she consciously becomes a bridge for others in the Afro-German diaspora in Hamm. Mary grew up in a large family in the port city of Malindi, at the Indian Ocean, about 120 km north of Mombasa. However, she was born in a village called Kirinyaga, not far from Mount Kenya. Mary is one of the younger of 16 siblings. The family works in subsistence farming, but is also organised in a coffee cooperative. This helps to improve the income; children can go to school and medical care is secured. Before school, each child works for an hour in the coffee plantation (…) Read more

An interview with Mary in English is here

*Some Names of protagonists are anonymised

An intercultural project by FUgE e.V. with radio continental drift

Realised with support of the Municipal Integration Centre Hamm as part of the KOMM-AN funding programme of the state of NRW for the funding year 2021.

With the kind support of the “Promotor*innen-Programm für interkulturelle Öffnung im Regierungsbezirk Arnsberg” and on behalf of the government of NRW.

Celebrating Women’s Radio Co-Productions & Free Radios


The Women sing at both sides of…

The past year 2021 has been a particularly radio-productive one – also for us. In the day to day of projects and productions it can become hard to appreciate in depth and in public the amazing treasures of audio and radio work that were produced with and by everyone involved at a time. World Radio Day may be a moment to do so at last !

You, dear co-producers and radio-sisters stand out of a crowd !

You dared and dare speaking up for yourself, for those and for what you care for and take a stand. Wherever you position yourself at this, or that side of what “mainstream”, you’ve made a difference which will stand out to encourage those coming tomorrow.

Keep that fire burning !



celebrating Radio Co-Productions with Women

& Free Radios


Building Radio Bridges – broadcast of a project of audio letters in voice mails during the first 2020 lockdown between women of Zubo Trust Zimbabwe and Zongwe FM Zambia with anthropology students in NYC


radioart106 – broadcast contribution in #137 (International Women’s Day) and #141 (Female:Pressure) to Meira Asher’s courages stream of radio art



Mom’s Mic Story – a story of audio self-empowerment by a group of migrant mom’s in the Ruhr Valley of Germany.


Wacuka – a story in remix of caring and of mutual empowerment and of life near to the soil by a Kenyan woman in Germany.



She’buntu Audio Kollektiv – stories of daily life and of empowerment in sisterhood by African women in Germany aka Afro-Sisterhood Club.


Stimmen der Schweigen Universität / Voices of the Silent University women talk in their own texts about escape from war and conflict, home, self-discovery and empowerment in the group.


public reading Ringlokschuppen July2021


Female Positions / Positionen von Frauen – story of a publication and the project of its becoming among a group of women authors



*** celebrating Free Radios ***


Wave Farm/ WGXC fm ** radioart106 ** colourfulvoices.net  **

WW/ Wueste Welle ** RDL via freie-radios.net **

Radio F.R.E.I. ** FR Freudenstadt **

She’buntu Audio Kollektiv auch via Radio Nordpol  **

Fair_Play ** Radio Nordpol **

Radio FRO ** CBA


**  radio continental drift joins World Radio Day 2022  **

Zubo Trust’s soap project in the pandemic


Social impacts of the pandemic

for women in rural Zimbabwe


An English translation of the German article in January’s “Graswurzel Revolution”, GWR465

20.12.2021, by Bulemu Mutale and Claudia Wegener

Photo: Zubo Trust

Zubo Trust is a women’s collective and organisation in Zimbabwe that produces, among other things, handmade soap, also under current pandemic conditions. How did the lives of the women change due to lockdown and “safety distance”? What are the implications for the Zubo women’s collective work and cooperatively run soap manufacture? For their article in the German monthly “Graswurzel Revolution”, Bulemu Mutale and Claudia Wegener gather current information about the project and illustrate the situation on the ground. (GWR ed.)

When we start talking to Matron Muleya about the plans for this article in October 2021, we find her in the workshop, as ever so often; at once, she sends us a photograph of the work at hand. Matron is in charge of the Jatropha soap project, and the colleague in the picture, Engeline, is the wonderfully experienced production manager of the manufactory. The two women are part of the team at Zubo Trust, a non-governmental organisation (NGO) in the small town of Binga in northern Zimbabwe. (1) They are currently packing pieces of soap for the upcoming agricultural fair in the capital Harare. High infection rates in the country had postponed the date by a month to the end of October. But now the situation has eased and Zubo will participate in the fair to represent the women’s products, handmade soap and baskets, as well as fresh tamarind from Binga. Before the pandemic, we knew of two teams of six women who were employed and paid in the soap production for three weeks at a time. At this moment, we find Matron and Engeline alone at work. Are hygiene regulations a reason? (2)

The remote rural areas of the Zambezi Valley bordering Zambia are home to the indigenous BaTonga people, a marginalised ethnic minority in Zimbabwe. A group of committed, well-educated women from the valley founded the NGO twelve years ago to improve the lives of local women and represent their rights; and to do so proactively and systematically. In Zubo’s longtime experience, it is the women’s economic participation which is a key to social change; and it is this empowerment – that is to say, self-discovery in a collective work, which is a prerequisite for the gradual social and political integration of women into the local public life. Zubo’s work therefore always centres around this social space for the mutual empowerment of women. (3)

Covid-19 in Zimbabwe and the Zambezi Valley

Currently, there’s less complaint about Corona than about the heat in the Zambezi Valley. Temperatures are around 42 degrees during the day and, depending on the wind, cool down only late and very slowly. The valley is notorious for its high temperatures. The number of infections in the country appears rather less urgent than the climate. The World Health Organisation (WHO) currently reports 136,379 confirmed cases and 4,707 deaths for Covid-19 in Zimbabwe (as of 5 December 2021). As we begin this article, at the end of October, daily new infections are mostly between 1 and 30; but from the beginning of December, a jump to over 1,000 is recorded. However, at the height of the cold season, in July and August 2021, daily new infections were at over 4,000. This was the third and so far the strongest wave in the country. (4)

We ask about Covid cases among the more than 700 women in the villages that Zubo works with. No one in the Zubo team knows of anyone with the disease – that is the initial information. Could this mean a “Letʼs not talk about it”? We then learn more: two staff members were infected and hospitalized during the third wave. In the meantime, some of the office staff have been vaccinated.

According to one assumption from the team: a majority of those who fall ill, especially in rural areas, will probably quietly go into self-quarantine and treat the symptoms with common household remedies like those used for flu and colds.

Apart from the probable lack of testing facilities in Binga district, infection rates are likely to be slowed down by the widely scattered settlements in the Zambezi Valley; and due to the fact that daily life of the women takes place outside, in the field, in the garden, under a tree, in the yard. The following information Matron gives us can further complement our understanding of the situation on the ground: No comprehensive evidence is at hand as yet, but some reports had been received from women who complain that nurses in the field and at the health wards are dismissive of patients seeking help; on the other hand, fear and ignorance have also prevented women from seeking medical help where it would have been necessary. (5) The reports from the Zubo team can shed some light on the question what it may mean for people on the ground where statisticians talk about so-called “dark figures” – in German: “Dunkelziffer” – with regards to the number of infections in some African countries.

We hear from the team about the deep shock and fear at the beginning of the pandemic and during the first lockdown: everything was at a standstill, everyone stayed home, no one knew what to do, neither among the NGOs nor the community leadership. The terrible state of perplexity lasted for two or three months until some official enlightening information reached Binga. The Zubo team is trying to continue their joint work in home office as far as that is possible; only from about mid-May 2020, there are again some sporadic face-to-face contacts among the staff; the fear of the unknown virus is great; security forces in the streets are another factor. The military was and is present – even in remote Binga – to ensure compliance with Covid-19 and lockdown regulations. (6) In addition to the obligatory wearing of face masks and keeping social distance, there is still mentioning of a curfew between 10 p.m. and 5.30 a.m., at least according to relevant government and embassy websites, also, a 50-per-cent reduction in the number of employees in offices or businesses premisses, with working hours from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. at the most; restaurants are only allowed to offer take-aways; pubs and nightclubs must remain closed, and gatherings of more than 100 participants are prohibited.

Here just to briefly outline the social implications of a strict lockdown guaranteed by security forces: In Zimbabwe, the majority of the population lives from the so-called informal trade. Curfews mean: no income and thus, hunger! The ongoing hyperinflation in the country has also forced nurses and teachers to rely on informal trade for vital additional income.

At the end of October and in November 2021, the situation eased somewhat as the number of infections declined at the end of the cold season. Yet, it is still considered wise to keep a low profile and at least wear your mask in the pocket, otherwise you could be fined. In the strict lockdown, citizens could only pass the roadblocks with an official letter stating precisely the certain important errands that you needed to run. At the end of November, however, Zubo was even able to accept an invitation from ZimTrade to participate in the Intra-African Trade Fair 2021 in Durban and present the women’s products such as baskets and soaps in South Africa.

Photo: Zubo Trust

Zubo helps to overcome the information deficit on the ground

In the communities that Zubo works with, three quarters of households are without information provision through internet or public media. Over the years, Zubo has built up its own organisational communication infrastructure, at least in the six wards where the NGO is active. Among other provisions, there are six women forums of 25 members each representing different village communities. That is how, the work on the ground has been accompanied and promoted for years, problems are uncovered and discussed, and further training is provided. As Bulemu hears in conversation with the management, Zubo has recently been able to develop new groundbreaking partnerships. During the exceptional situation of the pandemic, a cooperation developed with the local office of the Ministry of Health and Child Care. With the help of Zubo’s structured access to the rural communities, up-to-date information as well as urgently needed basic medical equipment could be supplied effectively even to the remote communities.

The Zubo team is also directly involved in the educational information work of the health professionals in the communities; information videos are produced and a WhatsApp group has been set up for Corona information exchange – information tools, however, that, as mentioned, can only reach a small part of the population in the rural areas; further parts of the population are reached in village meetings convened by Zubo. The organisation underlines this work with the Ministry of Health among the positive developments even in the pandemic; Zubo’s work had been able to expand in cooperation with new partners and thus reach new and wider circles in the communities.

Photo & following: radio continental drift

Consequences of the lockdown

The impact of lockdowns and periodic, prolonged restrictions on movement and transport have led to setbacks in Zubo’s work that will have to be dealt with for a long time to come. The extent and further social consequences, for example, an increase in domestic violence and early pregnancies, can currently only be guessed at in the ongoing emergency situation. In the first lockdown, as Matron tells us, three of the six wards in which Zubo operates were no longer accessible by the already sporadic public transport. Contact, communication and assistance became extremely difficult or impossible. In some of these communities, access to drinking water involves such long transport routes that women use public transport to get there; in the lockdown, this situation became even more untenable. We ask about the “good rains” that were reported last season. We learn that, yes, rain had been there, and good for the lake, the fish and the fishery; but as far as the water supply to the families in Binga district through the women was concerned, the “good rains” would make little difference to the women who are traditionally fetching the water; possibly, it would postpone the time when distances to drinking water are usually becoming longer and longer by a month or so. Matron explicitly refers to a dangerous and disenfranchising situation for the women.

All the women Zubo works with – whether fisherwomen, basket weavers or soap producers – earn their small incomes through trade. Transport restrictions interrupt or slow down the procurement or collection of raw materials as well as the marketing and delivery of goods. After the complete standstill at the beginning of the pandemic in 2020, the groups of basket weavers can currently at least get together again where they live and work together more or less as usual. The two times six production assistants in Zubo’s soap manufactory come from the aforementioned six wards; some have long, complicated journeys to Binga Centre and thus to Zubo’s location. In strict lockdown, soap production falls flat or continues at a much slower pace, with perhaps only one of the assistants who is lives nearby. In this case, the inventive production manager Engeline will make use of the empty workshop for new experiments, as Matron tells us; thus, artificial and natural dyes are tried out or different herbal additives are tested in the soaps.

The extent of impoverishment as a result of the pandemic and lockdowns may be illustrated by the following development: The capital investment of rural women is livestock; this has been promoted by Zubo for years with the establishment of micro-credit groups among the women. The loss of income in the lockdown has meant that since the beginning of the pandemic, the women have now literally eaten up all their capital, including seeds for the next season, for example. There are hardly any reserves left; the population is largely dependent on food subsidies from the government. How can Zubo’s work continue in this situation? – this is the organisation’s biggest concern.


Rays of hope and international cooperation

In cooperation with international partners such as Welthaus Bielefeld and “All We Can” in the UK, funding could be reallocated at short notice from May 2020 to support Zubo in providing more effective aid on the ground in this exceptional situation. Soaps that could not be exported to Germany at the time could now be distributed as donations to the communities in Zubo’s area of activities and support hygiene conditions right here on site which was now more important than ever. At Zubo’s request and suggestion, money was also used to buy salt and distribute it to the communities with the information that they could improve self-protection in their families even by increased oral hygiene, or gargling with salty water.

It is a courageous struggle for survival – not least, of the organisation itself – that is picked up again every day by the Zubo women. In view of the dwindling purchasing power locally and in the country at large, Zubo’s soap project will be in need of some large production orders from abroad in order to overcome the current deep crisis and to continue the valuable work on the ground by its own means and efforts.

Despite all the difficulties, an unusual form of creative, cross-continental cooperation can still be reported, and indeed even from the difficult time of the first lockdown in 2020: Zubo’s considerable documentary online sound archive enabled the start of a correspondence in WhatsApp voicemails between the Zubo women in Binga Zimbabwe, young radio producers in Sinazongwe Zambia, on the opposite side of Lake Kariba and anthropology students in New York City. This co-production in Voicemails is also documented online; and excerpts were broadcast internationally as a radio programme. (7)

A Call for Donations

The authors would like to appeal for support for Zubo Trust in the pandemic. Donations are being collected on the account of the Baobab e.V. Association in Kassel; keyword: “Zubo”; donation receipts will be issued and sent as from 20 Euro; please supply your mailing or email address on the transfer form; IBAN: DE67 4306 0967 4103 8566 00; BIC: GENO DEM 1GLS; GLS Bank; https://www.baobab-ev.org/de-de/



Download this article (English)

(1) Zubo’s soap project is supported by Welthaus Bielefeld; a report on the situation under Corona was published in June 2020: Welthaus_Info_19_2020, page 5; https://www.welthaus.de/auslandsprojekte/zimbabwe/income-for-women-in-binga/ .

(2) On the impact of Corona on Zubos projects, there is a blog post from January 2021: https://diasporanarratives.com/2021/01/12/a-retrospect-on-covid-19-and-its-impact-on-the-women-of-zubo-trust/ .

(3) The name of the organisation, “Zubo”, is programmatic: it goes back to the indigenous word for a basket made of branches for fishing. The BaTonga women at the Zambezi use the “Zubo” to fish; this is only possible collectively. A year ago, in GWR 454, we reported on Zubo’s women’s collective “Bindawuko Bbanakazi”, the first women-owned fishing cooperative on Lake Kariba.

(4) cf. World Health Organisation WHO: https://covid19.who.int/region/afro/country/zw When comparing with infection rates in Germany, it should be borne in mind that in terms of population figures, Germany ranks at place 19, globally, while Zimbabwe at place 73, with 14,829,688 inhabitants. Of the population, 38% in Zimbabwe live in urban areas; and in Germany 77%. While the average age of the population is 46 in Germany and 18 in Zimbabwe.

(5) The catastrophic lack of protective clothing and basic medical equipment at the beginning of the pandemic 2020, as well as the resulting nationwide strikes by doctors and nurses, may also have been a reason for the dismissive behaviour of the nursing staff. See e.g. DLF report from the time of the first lockdown, June/August 2020: https://www.deutschlandfunk.de/repressionen-in-simbabwe-krise-korruption-und-corona-100.html

(6) There are fines and arrests. See i.a. the mentioned DLF report (5). As noteworthy, we would here also like to mention the daily “Zimbabwe Lockdown Report” of the Women ́s Coalition of Zimbabwe (WCOZ), which keeps a record of now more than 600 days of the situation under Covid-protection orders for the people on the ground; and the observance or non-observance of human and civil rights. See the WCOZ website, and the “civil society information hub” Kubatana,  .

(7) On the co-production “Building Radio Bridges – Audio Letters between Lockdown NYC and the Zambezi Valley”, see https://radiocontinentaldrift.wordpress.com/2020/08/02/buildingradiobridges-distance-co-production/ ; radio broadcast ; Zubo Audio Archive

Further information about Zubo Trust:

Zubo’s website https://www.zubowomen.org/




About the authors:

Bulemu Mutale was born in Binga, Zimbabwe, and lived there until the beginning of 2019. She volunteered there for the women’s organisation Zubo Trust, came to Welthaus Bielefeld as the first South-North volunteer from Zimbabwe and is currently training as a nurse.

Claudia Wegener was born in Hamm, Westphalia, and as a radio activist has regularly been involved in local projects in Southern Africa since 2005, including with Zubo Trust in Binga. Under “radio continental drift”, audio recordings and productions are archived online for free download under Creative Commons licence.


The authors wish to thank the editorial of the “Graswurzel Revolution”; they have been amazingly supportive throughout. Twalumba loko. Many thanks.

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